Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
Using drugs out of one's volition is the road that leads to drug addiction. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Dependency is an illness that affects behaviour and the brain.
Is There Treatment For Drug Dependency?
There is, but it is a long journey. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
Enslavement treatment must help the individual to the accompanying:
quit utilising drugs
stay drug free
achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Standards Of Effective Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
It is extremely important to remain under treatment for a very long period of time.
Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
Treatment doesn't require being voluntary to be successful.
Substance use during treatment should be observed constantly.
A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
detox (the process when the body cleanses itself of a substance)
medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Is Medication Employed In Substance Dependency Treatment?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
Withdrawal During the detoxification process, medication helps suppress the physical reactions. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Relapse Prevention Medications can help manage cravings and help patients re-establish normal brain activity. There are medications for the treatment of addictions to alcohol, tobacco/nicotine, and opioids, such as heroin or prescription pain pills. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
Change their behaviour toward and the way the think about their drug use
develop life skills that are healthy
continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Shorter-term inpatient treatment that usually concentrates on detoxification and offering initial in-depth counselling and preparation for treatment in community-based environments.
Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. People can move onto independent life through recovery housing - it assists them for example to learn financial management or job hunting, while linking them to community based support groups.
Challenges Of Re-Entry
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.