An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.
Drug addiction makes the body have a strong desire for the substance. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Reactions when trying to stop taking the drug, when the body has less of the substance than it is used to, it reacts, and the person can have physical pains and altered moods. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Obsession - someone who is addicted will continue to focus more and more time and energy on getting access to their substance.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. Some consequences to this are blacking out and not being able to remember periods of time and even physical symptoms, like the presence of a persistent cough or sore throat in a heavy smoker.
Neglecting leisure and pastime activities - as the addiction takes its toll, the person might abandon activities that used to be important to him. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.